Cultural field extension. Public sector toward changes

Kultura Współczesna. Teoria, Interpretacje, Praktyka
nr 3(83)/2014
Cultural field extension. Public sector toward changes

Table of contents


Waldemar Kuligowski, Cezary Obracht-Prondzyński

Introduction. Why cultural field extension?

Agata Bachórz, Krzysztof Stachura

Sociology of culture toward the “extension”. Looking for language to describe transformations of culture

Jakub Knera, Lesław Michałowski

Cultural field extension – what is it and where to look for it?

Sławomir Czarnecki, Cezary Obracht-Prondzyński, Piotr Zbieranek

Rethinking the extension – practitioners and researchers regarding changes

Krzysztof Stachura, Marek Krajewski, Anna Nacher, Cezary Obracht-Prondzyński, Marcin Skrzypek, Aleksandra Szymańska

Discussion: Changes in culture. Extensions, narrowing and porousness of cultural field



Przemysław Smyczek

Culture and cultural sector – does administration follow the changes

Izabela Stachurska

Cultural hunger for science. How to manage science in cultural institutions

Waldemar Kuligowski

Extension as a problem: Web 2.0, idea, participation and cultural field

Wojciech Kłosowski

Changes in cultural field: Who to talk to and how?

Władysław Zawistowski

Some remarks and doubts



Tomasz Szlendak

Diffusion, or how to avoid solitary bowling within cultural field



Iwona Zając

Bottom-up work with culture

Joanna Orlik

Cultural institutions in the era of transformation

Marcin Śliwa

Culture vs. cultural change

Marta Białek-Graczyk

Animator needed

Patrycja Medowska, Jacek Kołtan, Paweł Golak

What language should we use to communicate with modern audience


Anna Wieczorkiewicz

Recovering travel destination. About narratives that make up an oriental peripheries

Emmy Godwin Irobi

Core and periphery nations: imperative for cooperation in preventing new security threats in Africa



Małgorzata Pawłowska

Narration vs. music. About the global “narratological effect” and its consequences within musical thought



Michał Bargielski, Katarzyna Kalinowska, Katarzyna Kułakowska

Animator at the citadel



Bożena Gierat-Bieroń

The right to culture: New field of citizen aspirations



Rafał Koschany

What are photo-texts about?



Emilia Wieczorkowska

Biological turn. What do humanities need biology for?

Cultural field extension. Public sector toward changes

The text is a reconstruction of a modern theoretical and methodological discourse about culture and cultural participation. Where the logic of cultural field extension is and how its resources are studied – these are important reference points of the analysis. The text is an essay, which aims at answering the question of what paradigms are used to research culture and why we research culture nowadays anyway. The author emphasizes the research model and specificity of modern reality of cultural life. These threads are developed through an essay to look at the context in which cultural institutions are placed and in effect to show the strategies of contact with culture outside the institutions.

The text is a widened discussion of one of the threads from Cultural Field Extension Report – The Dignosis of Potential of Cultural Sector in Gdańsk. It is a description of cultural institutions from Gdańsk, which have been distinguished by the report where certain phenomena extending the cultural field were noticed. It regards the areas focused on inner-logic of how cultural institutions function (structure, sectors and operational formulas) and those areas, which are more audience oriented (aims, offer and reception).

Research into extension of the cultural field has, apart from the theoretical dimension, also the practical dimension. The article presents conclusions drawn from research on three groups, which have crucial influence on present condensation of cultural sector. These are “people of culture”: researchers, politicians and civil servants. The article presents possible reaction – which according to researchers might support adaptation of new conditions – to include phenomena such as deinstitutionalization of the sector, multilayered transgression or new perception of culture with in the public sphere.

Marek Krajewski, Anna Nacher, Cezary Obracht-Prondzyński, Marcn Skrzypek, Aleksandra Szymańska.

In relation to cultural field extension

The present moment in Poland is a time of dynamic changes, heated discussion about directions of development, intensive modernization and improvement of infrastructure. There are grand plans for the future; however, tomorrow is also full of anxiety concerning increasing income inequality, rising frustration among citizens (including many young people who have doubts about their future prospects). Societies change their expectations as traditions, customs and ways of spending free time are evolving. As the general level of education is increasing, people have higher expectations towards their work, salaries, and job promotion. Thanks to open borders, improved language skills and new technologies of communication, many Poles go abroad and maintain contact with foreigners. These processes and experiences lead to a change of expectations of consumers regarding cultural offers and ways of spending free time.

Knowledge Management emerged some years ago as a field supporting company management and know-how. Many asked whether it would just be a temporary fashion or on the contrary, a valuable system, which might give companies competitive advantage. Adam Mickiewicz Institute recognized knowledge as one of the most important component of their capital introduced a pioneer system of knowledge management in the field of culture. The process turned out to be very difficult and still requires a lot of imagination and determination. Paradoxically it also released creativity and innovation in creating systems appropriate for companies and sophisticated environments.

The text focuses on the process of extension perceived from a few perspectives.The first perspective concerns Web 2.0. and focuses on negative aspects ofweb societies functioning with special emphasis on internet users. The second perspective shows how the idea of participatory management of city budgets often turns out to be pretentious activities aimed at media effect. The third perspective refers to the field of culture. Extension in this context means most of all the expansion of culture into other fields such as politics, economy, marketing, management etc. One of the most important consequences of the process is developing festivalisation of culture. All three phenomena are related not only in their transgression into other fields and dimensions but also in blurring the original ideas and aims. In the end the effects are visible not in extension of cultural influences but rather in deepening entropy.

Within the field of cultural filed extension, the article raises doubts concerning how functions and roles of cultural institutions, evaluation of cultural projects and economic criteria are understood. The essay also pays special attention to often ignored fact that all cultural activities are based on public budget even though culture operates in a free market environment. That is why it is so difficult to objectify the process and that is why civil servants’ and project leaders’ decisions are biased. The main condition for “extending” is not to change the way resources are allocated but rather to widen the envelope so as to include private funding.

Bulletin of research

The ethnographic research presented in the text was aimed at diagnosing barriers such as conflict of interests, unclear regulations, informal “regulations” (unclear to all parties to a different degree) as well as specific competences of public workers, social and market institutions and organizations operating within cultural field in 50 municipalities of pomorskie, warmińsko-mazurskie and kujawsko-pomorskie districts which hinder efficient cooperation in cultural events organization. The text presents remedies to lack of inter-sector cooperation proposed by the examined themselves. It is a concise catalogue of forms to diffuse inter-sector conflict within the filed of local culture.

Cultural field extension in practitioner’s opinions. Conversation by Jakub Knera

About autarkia once again

The article discusses the way narrational peripheries are created in travel literature and the changes in use of themes based on special categories (such as center and periphery) taken from ethnographic literature. The essay also indicates the modification of senses evoked by travel topics (such as freedom or crossing borders). These are referred to general cultural tendencies within the sphere of mobility. The basis for the analysis is certain modern Polish travel literature where the topos of travelling to India appears to be a recent phenomenon.

This paper tries to provide an over view of the new security threats confronting African states. It also identifies their linkage to spates of conflict weakening the effectiveness of the states to perform efficiently. Furthermore it discusses the capacity of states in peripheral Africa to prevent such complex security issues. The non-traditional security problems when inspired by inarticulate governance always become a source of threat and trigger for national or even regional conflicts. Addressing these non-traditional security challenges with an effective instrument of administration will help prevent spillovers of these security problems across borders.

Cultural studies workshops

The article concerns modern narratology mostly musical narratology. The author reports on the expansion of category of narration and it’s migration from literary theory to other fields, depicts the state of fast developing in recent years narratology and assays to answer the questions: How narration has become mega-category? Can musical pieces be a narration? If yes, how is musical narration different to literary narration?

Culture observatory

The text proposes a typology of culture animators in relation to the ways they play their public role. We refer to the criteria, which differentiate animators’ environments such as: the relation to the official policy towards animation and socio-cultural activity; building relation with Others; the scale of undertaken activities. We distinguish and describe figures of animators: Culture and Educational, Hunters, Hooligans, Botanists, Growers and Seeders. We invoke distinctions made during the proceedings of Non-Congress of Culture Animators by meeting participants.

The right to culture: New field of citizen aspirations

The article is an essay which aims at analyzing the concept of “The Right to Culture” coined by the National Science Center and Wrocław – the European Capitol of Culture 2016. The article is going to show that the project of including “The Right to Culture” to the Additional Protocol of the European Convention of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which is developing in Poland, is in fact the symbol of creating new filed of social aspirations. Culture appears in many national and international acts, but so far it has never been granted a the status of “fundamental right”, which means the right, which is organically inhered to every person. The project of including “the right to culture” to the Additional Protocol of the Convention indicates the need to acknowledge the axiological tie of Europeans, and the birth of new integral and international citizenship as well as the increased need to selforganize around common topics, which include the system describing culture.